In lateral ankle sprains/strains, the outside ligaments of the ankle become injured as a result of twisting the ankle inward. This is the most common injury. There are different degrees of sprains. Signs of this condition include swelling along the outside of the ankle, tenderness below the ankle bone and pain. If the injury is severe, it may be difficult to put weight on your foot.
In medial ankle sprains/strains, the inside ligaments of the ankle become injured as a result of twisting the ankle outward. This is less common than lateral ankle sprains. Signs for this condition are the same except the swelling, pain and tenderness are on the inside of the ankle.
Physical Therapy Treatment Plan: After careful evaluation by the physical therapist, the first step in treating this condition is to reduce pain and inflammation. Treatments may include rest, ice, compression, elevation using a wrap or a brace, taping, electrical stimulation, phonophoresis, and massage. In physical therapy stretching/strengthening as well as balance training exercises will be used.
After your initial prescription for physical therapy is completed, your physician and physical therapist will decide if you need to continue physical therapy or if you will be discharged to a home exercise program.
This information is provided as a learning resource for the benefit of our patients. It is NOT INTENDED to replace personal consultation with your medical professionals.
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